Galvanizing Thematic Grammar Challenges Via Catalyzing Titles

“Above all we have to go beyond words and images and concepts. No imaginative vision or conceptual framework is adequate to the great reality” – Bede GriffithsMaking a difference in search for unique classroom materials to be able to maneuver students’ language engagement is a highly appreciated pedagogic move. This is an upshot of teachers’ creativity through eyeing appropriate resources of incomparable features that elicit thought-provoking instructions to enrich learners’ linguistic level for operative macro skills. It is a fact that speaking, listening, reading and writing require increasing grammar knowledge to communicatively serve. At this juncture, the main concern of this idea is to manipulate popular titles in a way that grammar are stimulated while the lesson’s theme is created through students’ constructed responses linked to titles contexts. In the real world, these may emerge from literary, fiction and non-fiction of varied genre and forms such as novels, fables, short stories, essays, biographies, poems, news, editorials, films, music, paintings, books, among others where they serve as arts’ driving power, to motivate audience’s or readers’ discoveries. They are the promises of any composition that are expressed literally or figuratively nevertheless lead to the establishment of common thoughts. In addition, it is recommended that teachers give backgrounds of the titles when considering these inputs. Background knowledge as operationally used in this model refers to the process of introducing what is behind a specific work which means that provision of surrounding information regarding a particular work triggers contextual comprehension and accentuates thematic responses absorbed between the lines by learners dependent upon the degree on how a language teacher activates them for possible grammatically rewarding outputs. It is also recommended that the derivation of themes should emanate from the students’ inferential skills activated by teachers’ motivation.The worth- designing tasksLanguage teachers can possibly perform these tasks in accordance to institutional curriculum mandates by relating them to their organizations’ academic practices stipulated under English language programs’ contents, course outlines, syllabi, delivery plans, time frame, expected learning outcomes, and assessment procedures. By doing so, incorporating this concept may establish feasibility to instructive interplay.To appreciate the pedagogical purposes of incorporating these materials in language instructions, here are some postulated lessons that are to be exemplified through sequence components: (a) the title as a springboard, (b) theme (c) focus, (d) objective/s (e) facilitation of responses (f) probable alluded thematic responses, (g) implications to language study, and (h) stimulated allied lessons.Lesson (1) onea. the title as a springboard- play, Faust by Christopher Marlowe
b. theme – the rise and fall of one’s power, the evils power can do to human beings
c. focus – modification of titles through descriptionsd. objective-Construct a title by providing a descriptive adjective before the stated noun of a single -word titled play.e. facilitation of responsesThe teacher monitors responses. It is suggested that all answers are to be classified according to the classes of words as they are cited before emphasizing adjectives. The teacher can encourage two-word adjectives before the noun.f. probable alluded thematic responses”Poor Faust,” “One Famous Faust,” “Once Powerful Faust,” “The Mightiest Faust,” ” Mighty Faust,” “Doomed Faust,” “Strong Faust,” “Unfortunate Faust,” “Pitiful Faust,” “Old Wicked Faust,” “Unsatisfied Faust,” and “Power-hungry Faust.”g. implications to language studyIt elicits arriving at appropriate order or sequence of adjectives or location of adjectives before nouns.h. Stimulated allied lessonMay serve as an opener for a succeeding lesson on prepositions of time and place where titles formulated such as, ” The Most Wicked Faust of the Century,” “The Mightiest Faust at Midnight,” and “Condemned Faust in a Fast-moving Time,” “Doomed Faust in a Strange Land,” among others.Lesson (2) two(a) the title as a springboard-poem, The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost
(b) theme – there’s always an alternative to follow one’s dream/s.
(c) focus – vocabulary enrichment through rephrasing titles.(d) objectives-Rewrite the title through other words that mean the same. Apply figurative interpretations.(e) facilitation of responsesProvide a background of the title.
Present the title for analysis to elicit responses.
The teacher uses guide questions.
Reemphasize the themes that may enable acceptable answers.(f) probable alluded thematic responses”The Overlooked Way,” “The Unheeded Road,” “The Path Untaken,” “The Forgotten Road,” “The Dreamer’s Road,” “The Road to Dreams,” and “The Hidden Way to Success.”(g) implications to language studyFormed responses denote the subject of attaining dreams. It paves one’s ability to assign words to relate meanings by attaching suitable vocabularies as replacement while the main line’s idea is retained. It also caters to the understanding or literal and denotative meanings of statements or literal and figurative interpretations of lines.(h) stimulated allied lessonsThis title can further lead to the study of language points such as irregular verbs, prepositions, noun phrases, indefinite articles, and descriptive adjectives.Lesson (3) three(a) the title as a springboard- song, The Wind of Change from the Scorpion
(b) theme – unification among citizens of a country, removal of barriers, harmony
(c) focus – expansion of titles by using parts of speeches to form sentences(d) objectives-Expand the title by adding words from any classes to convey obtained meanings.
Manipulate content and functional words from the parts of speech.(e) facilitation of responsesProvide a background of the title.
Show labeled model examples.
The wind of change (given phrase) means (verb) emergence (noun) of
(preposition) peace (noun)(f) probable alluded thematic responses”The wind of change in Germany has finally surfaced. The wind of change in Germany emerges today. The strong wind of change is the removal of barriers. The blowing wind of change is a sign of renewal. The unified wind of change in Germany brings peace and harmony. This is the moment for the wind of change to emerge”(g) implications to language studyThis activity tests learners’ knowledge on how to expand ideas through the placement of words into grammatically accepted positions or orders. It further supports one’s prior knowledge of the parts of speech leading their ability to analyze the distinctions between function and content words in statements. It provides learners’ chances to support their responses based from the functions of the words in completing sentences and offers how to classify or label words that compose sentences as fundamentals to grammar knowledge.
(h) stimulated allied lessons
Provides prospects to discover that elements of sentences such as subject, verb, and object are generated from parts of speech. It also fetches learners how to determine the differences between a phrase, dependent clause and a sentence.Lesson (4) four(a) the title as a springboard- novel, A Passage to India by E. M. Forster
(b) theme- societal interactions, cultural relations
(c) focus – construction of phrases to change meanings by other vocabularies and the introduction of other forms of prepositions forming phrases(d) objectives-Replace the original preposition into another to change the title’s meanings. State the titles in different forms. Use other forms of prepositions to add prepositional phrases.(e) facilitation of responsesBrainstorm meanings on major words that are present in the title to be used in phrases and to introduce prepositions with distinctions through their tabulated functions. It is suggested that different kinds of prepositions are tabulated demonstrating varied functions for easy comprehension.

(f) probable alluded thematic responsesBritish’s passage to India, British’s path to India, England’s passage to India, British visit to India, British return to India, the way to India, the route to Indiaa passage in India, a passage for India, a passage across India, and a passage next to India, the road between India and England, and a connection between England and India(g) implications to language studyStudents explore vocabularies by replacing the major words. Other than that, varied prepositions that form prepositional phrases are integrated to offer different meanings. It demonstrates that this type of phrase can be manipulated to complete statements in the normal or inverted forms when embedded in sentences, and the attainment of varied prepositions with different functions.(h) stimulated Allied lessonsThe initial answers from the first lesson provide further kinds of phrases which may lead to the formulation of gerund, participial, and infinitive phrases. For example, breaking passage to India by the British, colonized passage to India, broken passage to India, to cross the road to India, getting back to India, remembering the past by going to India, emancipating a passage to India, inviting passage to India, amazing British’s passage to India, British-established passage to India, welcome passage to India, and connecting the British to India from Britain.Lesson (5) five(a) the title as a springboard-poem, Stopping by the Woods in a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost
(b) theme – man’s responsibilities and achievement before death
(c) focus -words and collocations, phrases and sentence’s interplay through perceived senses, and created images for composition writing(d) objectives -Enumerate words that are associated to what you feel, see and hear for vocabulary development. Come up with an interpretation through the brainstormed words applied in composition.(e) facilitation of responsesElicit by formulated guide questions on senses. Classify responses. A semantic web or a tree diagram can aid in the lesson.(f) probable alluded thematic responsessnow-covered trees, changing seasons, cold, chilling, falling snows, flakes, snowy, forest, weather, darkness, black, winter, after autumn, snow-covered leaves, silence, season, last stage, silence, ticking time, moving time, dying and death, plan goals, man’s journey, memorable accomplishment, after the season, cherished dreams, awareness, feel, thought, imagine, dream, seems, love, inspired, dismayed, and awakened, among others.(g) implications to language studyThe poem’s tittle, is expected to provide possible words and collocations, phrases to form sentences to express ideas. It also generates state verbs through the senses. Increase students’ abilities to visualize. This may be of significance to writing composition activities where learners brainstorm ideas out of the theme which are express literally but are to be written and interpreted figuratively. This type of an academic exercise can encourage students to utilize prior language knowledge for synthesis of ideas.(h) stimulated allied lessonsThe title can be a lesson’s springboard as well as a motivational element to incorporate focuses such as infinitives and future tenses. It can also be a key to cover gerund and gerund phrases.Lesson (6) six(a) the title as a springboard- short story, A cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe
(b) theme – revenge being a wild justice, friendship gone wild
(c) focus -understanding ideas through symbolism and substituting symbolical words in a title(d) objectives -Analyze the words and create ideas through symbolism from the passage.(e) facilitation of responsesElicit responses through analogy illustration.Wine – forgetting problems – forgetfulness
Wine – feeling happy- euphoria
No wine – -feeling alone – sadness(a) probable alluded thematic responses”A coffin for Fortunato,” “The death of Fortunato,” ” The End of Fortunato,” “Fortunato’s doom,” ” The Wine’s Deadly Invitation,” “Vice Turns Death,” “When Obsession Goes Death,” Wine Becomes His End,” “From forgetfulness to Death,” “Lost in a Bottle” Burying a Wines’ Connoisseur of Wine,” and “Wine’s Deadly Kiss”(g) implications to language studyAs a result of providing the background, students’ thoughts may lead to an interpretation that the cask is a casket while amontillado is wine. Cask may mean barrel and an amontillado is a type of wine and that Fortunato is the wine and the cask represents his bloody doom. This type of lesson drives the interpretative skills of learners in analyzing ideas through symbolism. Literary knowledge may be refurbished when this type of activity is approached.(h) stimulated allied lessonsIt is also possible to link a lesson regarding the functions of conjunctions introduced by connectives such as because, since, for, for the reason that, among other conjunctions for reasoning creating sentence constructions aside from substituting symbols into words. Also, it may lead to higher forms of literary elements and devices which are beneficial in the study of literature.Lesson (7) seven(a) the title as a chosen springboard-Novel, As I lay Dying by William Faulkner
(b) theme- parental neglect, life in the absence of education, ignorance
(c) focus – uses of conjunctions in opening a clause and how these clause may form complex sentences(d) objectives-Identify the conjunction that introduces a clause and be able to add an independent to form a sentence. Write sentences into inverted or normal forms. Determine the use of “as,” and substitute, “as” with another conjunction to retain similar meaning.(e) facilitation of responsesGive the background of the novel and a situation to trigger responses.
Let us say that you were the dying mother, what would you feel?
What do you remember? What do you see among your children? What do you realize? What do you expect to happen to your children?(f) probable alluded thematic responsesThe word “as” is used as a conjunction.As I lay dying, I pity my children. As I lay dying, the painful past came back to me. As I lay dying, my heart ached for them. As I lay dying, I was so regretful. As I lay dying. I remembered the kind of childhood I gave them. As I lay dying, I saw extreme ignorance from my children. I saw my children’s weaknesses as I lay dying. I learned to value children’s education as I lay dying. I realized that poverty is not a hindrance to education as I lay dying. I was worried of my children’s future as I lay dying.Other responses incorporating conjunctions similar to the use of the conjunction, as:While I lay dying, I accepted that I can’t go back to the past. I was very sorry for what happened to my children, while I lay dying. I was reminded of the past while I lay dying. While I lay dying, I prayed to God for my children’s life. I asked the God to forgive me while I lay dying. While I lay dying, I saw my helpless husband.(g) implications to language studyStudents identify the difference between a dependent clause, simple sentence, and a complex sentence and that these group of words can be in two different forms.(h) stimulated allied lessonsThe types and functions of conjunctions of time represented by the word, “as” may lead to the emergence the functions of after, before, since, when, whenever, while, and until. It also may further arrive to the discussions of the types of sentences according to structures which are simple, compound, complex and compound-complex.Lesson (8) eight(a) the title as a chosen springboard- TV movie, While Justice Sleeps by Lifetime TV Network
(b) theme
(c) focus – difference between a sentence and a dependent clause and the functions of conjunctions of time(d) objectives-Use conjunctions of time to denote dependent clause. Use a conjunction to construct a dependent clause. Combine a dependent clause and an independent clause to formulate a compound complex sentence. Identify the difference between independent and independent clause.(e) facilitation of responsesProvide the TV show’s background.Present a clause and a sentence for comparison and contrast.While justice sleeps- a dependent clause introduced by a conjunction.I fought back while justice sleeps – sentence composed of an independent clause and a dependent clause.Elaborate conjunctions of time with respective functions while, as, when – illustrate through these conjunctions(f) probable alluded thematic responsesThe dependent clauseswhile justice sleeps, when justice sleeps, as Justice sleeps, while the law ignores, when the law doesn’t solve my problem, as the law was too slowthe complex sentences in normal and in inverted formsWhile justice sleeps, she fought back. When Justice sleeps, she felt it is hopeless to fight back. As justice sleeps, I prepared myself. I shot the accused while justice sleeps. While justice sleeps, he celebrated. When justice sleeps, I cried for my daughter. As justice sleeps, my daughter revealed the truth. When justice sleeps, I confronted the accused.(g) implications to language studiesExamples further push the discussions of the functions of time conjunctions. Triggers the need of independent and dependent sentences in the formation of a complex sentence. Identification of a simple sentence, a dependent clause and a sentence and the relevant role of time conjunctions, subject and verbs are associated in the discussions.(h) stimulated allied lessonsThe sentences according to structures are the closest grammar structures are most likely to be the next lessons. It can also trigger the varied kinds of conjunctions and their respective functions in the constructions of sentences. Cause and effect and comparison and contrast are probable directed discussions.Lesson (9) nine(a) the title as a springboard- a novel, Count of Monte Cristo, a novel by Alexandre Dumas
(c) theme- trials before triumphs
(d) focus – the distinction of a noun phrase and their connections to other phrase to form sentences.(e) objectives-Identify the elements of the noun phrase and use it to form grammatically correct sentences by adding verbs and objects.(f) facilitation of responsesProvide a background of the novel.Present the title and its composition to show its being a phrase.The Count of Monte Cristo
the (determiner- definite article) + count (noun) + of (Preposition) + Monte Cristo (object of the preposition)Present how this phrase may turn into a grammatically correct sentence and discuss on the importance of verbs among other connected words.a phrase + verb = sentences
The count of Monte Cristo (phrase) + came. (verb)
The count of Monte Cristo came to town (additional words)Sentences conversion to elaborateThe count of Monte Cristo came. The count of Monte Cristo came to town.(g) probable alluded thematic responsesAdding verbsThe count of Monte Cristo was back stabbed. The count of Monte Cristo was imprisoned. The count of Monte Cristo suffered. The count of Monte Cristo learned. The count of Monte Cristo escaped.Adding objectThe count of Monte Cristo found friends. The count of Monte Cristo found gold. The count of Monte Cristo built a beautiful house. The count of Monte Cristo met old friends. The count of Monte Cristo invited the rich people. The count of Monte Cristo vowed revenge. The count of Monte Cristo met his son.Adding additional words after verbsThe count of Monte Cristo is so secretive. The count of Monte Cristo is very rich. The count of Monte Cristo became popular. The count of Monte Cristo met people who made him suffer. The count of Monte Cristo was reunited with his family. The count of Monte Cristo is Mondego.(h) implications to language studyThe difference between noun phrase and with other phrases combining the two phrases is not a sentence without the presence of a verb. The students will learn to combine the phrases together with the presence of a verb forms a sentence. Identifying ideas bring the completion of sentences.(i) stimulated allied lessonsWord order such as subject and verbs and verbs and objects, the introduction of sentence patterns, the use of noun phrases in sentences, past tense forms of verbs, are triggered here.Lesson (10) ten(a) the title as a springboard- nonfiction, The Fundamentals of Biology by Wiley Editorial
(b) theme – science of life
(c) focus – vocabulary and definition of terms.(d) objectives-Use simple definition expressions to provide meanings to the vocabularies. Define vocabularies in simple words. Exemplify to connect every introduced word to explain an idea. Define words to show comprehension I and be able to use them sentences.(e) facilitation of responsesCombine zoology and botany to provide a background of biology.
The major words that enables brainstorming – fundamentals and biology
Connecting words related with fundamentals. All introduced words should be exemplified.
Giving two branches of biology to start with schema creation.
Create a schema to brainstorm the words and break them into smaller topics.
Introduce simple definition expressions such as refer/s, mean/s, is and are.(f) probable alluded thematic responsesfundamentalsFundamentals are basics.
Importance means fundamentals.
Fundamentals refer to essentials.
Basics of biology means fundamentals of biology.
Fundamentals of biology refers to the importance of biology.Biology and related wordsBio means life.
Logus/logy means study.
Biology is a field of study about life.
Biology is the science of life.
Biology has two branches.
Branches are divisions.
Zoology and botany are divisions of biology.
Biology consists of zoology and botany.
Biology refers to the study of plants and animals.
Animals and plants are living things.
Biology is the study of living things.
Biology is a study about animals and plants.
Zoology is a branch of biology.
Botany is a branch of biology.
Zoology refers to the study of animals.
Botany means to the study of plants.
Life is consist of plants and animals.
Animals is for zoology while plant is for botany
Zoology and botany are important parts of biology.
Studying flowers is biology.
Camels are studies in biology.
Flowers are learned in botany.
Camels are learned in zoology.(g) implications to language studyVocabulary development is garnered in this activity. Words are brainstormed giving the idea that biology is a subject containing two fields of studies. A practical strategy of defining the terms in their own words is through basic definition expressions such as is, are/refer/s to, mean/s. It is also through examples that meaning comprehensions are achieved, and exemplifying every academic terminology involve enables easy understanding and formulation of definitions.(h) stimulated Allied lessonsThe possible answers according to students’ level of comprehension may introduce vocabulary development through hyponyms, co-hyponyms, and hypernyms. Also, words are classified where they should belong to be understood. For instance, words like chemistry, biology, and physics are classified under sciences and each elements will be further classified till it reaches the smallest element to show the relationships of every introduced science vocabulary. This additionally can be linked to writing expositions by definitions, exemplifications, comparison and contrast and even classification or partition.Lesson (11) eleven(a) title as a springboard-country song, Everything that Glitters is Not Gold performed by Dan Seals.
(b) theme- the value of needing someone, no man stands alone forever.
(c) focus – indefinite pronouns’ functions and rules in sentence constructions.

(d) objectives-Construct sentences by using indefinite pronouns. Apply subject- verb agreement in sentences. Identify the use of every indefinite pronoun.(e) facilitation of responsesProvide a background of the title.Introduce the types of indefinite pronouns.
no one everyone something someone everythingAnalyze together the title.
“Everything that Glitters is not Gold”
Everything (indefinite pronoun) glitters (verb).Show what rule do everything and glitters have.
Exemplify subject -verb agreement.(f) probable alluded thematic responsesNo one lives with popularity forever.
Nothing is permanent in this world.
Everyone should make life meaningful.
Somebody is always waiting for her.
Everything in this world is just temporary.
Nobody lives alone forever.
Everyone needs someone to cling on.
Each one has one life to live.
No one is perfect.
Someone exchanged her life with fame.
Nobody is rewarded by neglect.
Someone raises a daughter alone.
Someone needs someone to be happy.
If someone loves us, we have to answer back.
If nobody cares, there are others who will.
Someone makes him happy; his daughter.
Everyone needs each other.
Something makes someone to forget love ones.
Somebody leaves her husband and family.(g) implications to language studiesEstablishes a rule that this type of pronouns follow singular form of the verb and that indefinite pronouns do not refer to a specific person, place, or thing such as everybody, everywhere, everything, someone, somebody, somewhere, something, anyone, anybody, anywhere, anything, none, no one, nobody, nowhere, and nothing.(h) stimulated allied lessonsIndefinite pronouns may lead or relate lessons regarding other types of pronouns. It may also connect to the lessons on nouns by substitutions. For example, someone may be represented by the husband, the daughter or the wife if we use similar springboard for context in sentence formulation. Someone is waiting for her. Someone is the husband and her is the wife. Someone may be further represented by her daughter. We can also reverse by rewording the sentence just to apply substitution differently. Somebody left him. To substitute noun, somebody here is the wife and him is the husband. Again, this lesson brings to the study of object pronouns such as him, her, them, and so on, which will surely refer to subject pronouns.Lesson (12) twelve(a) title as a springboard-film, I Know What You Did Last Summer by Mandalay Entertainment
(c) theme- intimidation out of a secret, paranoia as a form of fear, guilt
(d) focus – the State verbs or verbs that describe a state instead of action.(e) objectives-Determine the difference between state and action verbs. Use these verbs in sentences. State the verbs in negative or positive sentences. Restate the sentences into questions.(f) facilitation of responsesProvide the background of the film.Differentiate state verbs with the action verbs. Include be verbs as state verbs.
drove, write (action verbs) know, feel (state verbs) is, was, were, are, am (state verbs)Introduce some of the state verbs in positive or negative forms and in different tenses.
didn’t know-don’t know-doesn’t know- didn’t see- see- saw- felt- think – rememberedSome state verbsbelieve, promise, remember, imagine, forget, see, hear, know, agree, realize, like, wantFrame guide questions that lead to the formation of sentences using state verbs in the point of view of the group and in the point of view of the avenging father.(g) Probable alluded thematic responsesCombined sentences in negative and positive forms in the point of view of the group (friends).The boy’s father always remembers what we did.
We should know who saw us.
He hated what we did last summer.
The fishermen didn’t like what we did.
We don’t know who saw us last summer.
The men knew what we did last summer.
You should be afraid of what you did last summer.
We realized that what they did last summer was terribly wrong.
We believe what we did last summer is wrong.
Combined sentences in negative and positive forms in the point of view of the fisherman.
I know what you did last summer.
I hated what you did.
I can’t forget what they did.
I was there last summer.
I saw when you ran over my kid last summer.
I can’t forgive your deeds.Combined sentences in negative and positive forms as answers with corresponding questions.He was there. Was he there?
He wasn’t there. Wasn’t he there?
He saw what we did. Did he see what we did?
You were there last summer. Where you there last summer?
He vowed vengeance for that. Did he vow vengeance for that?
Someone didn’t forget that. Didn’t someone forget that?
He didn’t see what happened. Didn’t he saw what happened?(h) implications to language studyPermits opportunity to determine the difference between action and state verbs. Formulate sentences in negative and positive forms. Use modals to change the forms of sentences. Convert present verbs to past forms. Formulate positive or negative sentences into questions, and manipulate pronouns through two points of view.(i) stimulated allied lessonsIt can link to grammar points such as active and passive voice of sentence transformations basically involving subjects and verbs orders. This can be used to launch a lesson on propositions of place, parts of a prepositional phrase, and creations of prepositional phrases.Perceived advantages of famous titlesHere are some possible perceived reasons that may support the use of titles as catalysts in the process. Titles can elicit language learning since they are evidently composed of structures that easily introduce linguistic points through its background contents. In addition to literary connections, the prior knowledge or background information behind the titles prepares and guides the students’ ideas to be articulated. Furthermore, the examples they construct generate thematic instructions since they have the tendency to link responses to the context known. Also, they link learners to the real world and enable them to travel back into time adding awareness especially if these works’ emergence synchronizes with their ages. When title’s background is shared, it stimulates students’ curiosity for inquiry. It encourages readership among learners. They are driven to read lines from introduced titles adding to their knowledge. Likewise, the material’s features dictate strategy. In teaching, it is the characteristics and contents of the materials that shape the instructive techniques, it is not the strategy that is decided first, but rather procurement of appropriate materials is the priority which naturally directs the method. Moreover, it motivates learners if not to neutralize their boredom by immersion to varied genre. Similarly, when we weigh and consider them to maneuver our language lessons, they lead to numerous language focuses. Equally, titles have linguistic and literary features demonstrating that grammar structures are learned with literary elements. Finally, the approaches that they create for learners provide both entertainment and comprehension. With this introduced concept, we understand that some uncultivated things can be unexpectedly useful.